Full news below:
This is a shame because much good comes from this research. YES Countries / People have a right to give money to whom they choose- however this simply shows that the EU ( including but not limited to -UK, Germany, France ...) does not support Israel past 1967 lines. The USA even with Obama in office - continues steadfastly giving aid as it has throughout the decades. ( thanks to the will of the American people )
Written by Linda Gradstein via The Media Line:
An ongoing dispute between Israel and the European Union (EU) over whether research funding can be used in post-1967 areas could do "irreversible damage to Israeli science in particular, and to the state in general," warned Professor Ruth Arnon, the president of the Israel Academy of Sciences and Humanities. In a letter to Prime Minister Binyamin Netanyahu, she urged that Israel immediately sign Horizon 2020, which lays out scientific cooperation between Israel and the EU.
The problem is new European guidelines that Israel must agree that European research funds will not be spent in any of the areas Israel acquired in 1967, meaning the West Bank, east Jerusalem or the Golan Heights. Israeli officials say there is a fundamental difference between east Jerusalem and the Golan Heights, which Israel has annexed, and the West Bank, which is under Israeli administrative control.
"If Tel Aviv University is involved in the restoration of a synagogue in the old city of Jerusalem, they will not fund the project," a senior Israeli official told The Media Line. "Not only that, but they will require the government of Israel to withdraw their funding."
He said the current guidelines as they are phrased and drafted could open the door to an extremist interpretation of the rules. In truth, the EU guidelines not to fund any research projects in post-1967 areas are not new, but Israel is being asked to officially sign them for the first time.
The controversy caused a storm over the summer when the guidelines were first published. Now the issue has arisen again because of Horizon 2020, an agreement on scientific cooperation between Israel and the EU. Israel is the only non-EU country that has been invited to join, and Israeli scientists say the cooperation is a boon for Israel's scientific community. In her letter, obtained by The Media Line, Arnon said it was not easy for Israel to get accepted to the program in the 1990's and it is now a full and equal partner.
"Israel will not get a second chance," if it does not participate in the new program which officially begins on January 1, 2014.
"The talks between the EU and Israel on the implementation of the guidelines and Israel's association to Horizon 2020 are ongoing," EU sources told The Media Line. The sources said there is no official deadline for joining the program, but a delay could mean that Israel is eligible to participate in fewer research proposals.
Professor Arnon's letter comes as Israeli media have been flooded with reports of Israel's brain drain, sparked by the awarding of the Nobel prize in chemistry to two Israeli scientists who spend most of their time in the US. Arnon, an immunologist at the Weizman Insitutute of Science in Rehovot, is this week releasing a report on the decline in Israel's scientific and academic research.
For example, in its per capita publication of scientific articles, Israel has dropped from number 1 in the 1980's to 13th today, and Israel's spending on research and development in the universities has dropped significantly. (*See news on this report below )She charged that Israel has gone through a "wasted decade" and that the university's senior teaching and research staff has dropped by 7.6 percent during that time.
"Israel is not meeting its full potential," she charged. "An immediate, responsible and long-term turnabout in the national science policy is needed."
Participation in Horizon 2020 offers tremendous benefits for Israeli scientists. Among 289 research projects approved by the European Research Council this year, 32 were proposed by young Israeli scientists. Each of them will receive almost $2 million over five years, enabling them to build a lab and, just as important, to stay in Israel.
She urged the Israeli government to do whatever necessary to remain part of Horizon 2020.
"There is no substitute for the benefit coming from scientific cooperation with the EU," she warned. "Mutual exposure of the scientific and industrial system here to the European system brings about precious added value."
From First to Thirteenth
ISRAEL FIRST TO THIRTEENTH
The number of scientific studies per capita in Israel has gradually declined over the past few decades, according to a new study. While in 1991 Israel was number one worldwide in the number of scientific studies published per capita, by 2011 it had dropped to number 13.
The study by the Samuel Neaman Institute for National Policy Research and the Science and Technology Ministry’s National Council for Research and Development also shows a slight decline in the quality of research published. From 2007 to 2011, the latest year for which figures are available, Israel was ranked 15th in the quality of its research, while from 2001 to 2005 it was ranked 12th.
The study, headed by Dr. Daphne Getz, revealed that in 2011 Israeli researchers published 12,154 studies, which is 3 percent more than in 2010 but 2 percent lower than the high point of Israeli publications, which was in 2008.
The number of scientific publications per 100,000 people in Israel is 156.5, almost half the number in Switzerland, which leads the world in terms of scientific publications. In second place is Denmark, followed by Sweden, Norway, Holland, Finland, Australia, Singapore, New Zealand, Belgium, Canada and Ireland. Below Israel are Britain, Hong Kong, Austria, Taiwan, Germany, the United States and Spain.
The report also shows that Israel’s portion of the world’s scientific publications is also in decline. While in 2003 Israel published 1.29 percent of research, by 2010 that figure was down to 1 percent, and in 2011 it had declined to 0.96 percent.
“The figures should sound a warning bell,” Science and Technology Minister Jacob Perry said. “Without additional investment and over time, the status of science in Israel will continue to decline or will remain static, while the rest of the world continues to surge forward.”
According to the chairman of the National Council for Research and Development, Prof. Isaac Ben-Israel, “Israel is now reaping the fruits of its investment in science and technology made a few decades ago.”
Getz, who led the research, said a partial explanation for the figures is that the number of scientific studies has not increased and has even declined at some points, while Israel’s population continued to grow at a greater rate than developed Western countries.
Getz said one encouraging figure was that since the mid-1990s, the quality of publications from Israel was higher than the world average, and since 2000 the number of times Israeli research has been quoted — an index of quality — is higher than average for OECD member countries.
However, the study shows that Israel is below the OECD average in terms of quotes in eight out of 21 fields.
JTA — While a great deal of international and media focus has been placed on Israel’s military conflicts, the country quietly has become an energetic, ambitious incubator of entrepreneurialism and invention. What follows is a timeline chronicling some of the most important and interesting innovations produced by Israelis during their country’s 65-year existence.